Dinara is a mountain on the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Hercegovina. The highest peak in BiH is Troglav, 1913 m, (means three heads). On our side, the highest peak is Sinjal, 1831 m (mark, sign), the highest peak in Croatia, too. Dinara is almost 100 km long and it is the second length of the mountain range in Croatia after Velebit. Geographically it lies right in between Slovenian Alps and Sharr Mountains between Kosovo and Macedonia in the mountain area consist of karst - limestone rocks, called the Dinarides. Guess why? But which came first, the chicken or the egg?
Let’s start from the very beginning.
They say that Dinara’s Latin name sounds similar and comes from roman emperor Adrian Oros but the other theory which says that the name comes from the name of an ancient Illyrian tribe Ardians sounds much better. Ardians were living in what is now Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Beside them there, or here, were: Daors, Delmatae, Liburnians, Japodes, Histrians, Labeats, etc. In the interior of the Balkans were Autariates, Dardans, Maezaes (oh my God, maybe I just found the earliest origins of my family name!) and others.
Back to the Roman Emperor Adrian, and you will find that the name Adrian is a form of the Latin name Adrianus or Hadrianus.
The origin comes from Venetian and Illyrian word adur, which means 'sea' or 'water'. Until the 8th century BC Adria was the name of the main sea channel stretch from the river Po to the Strait of Otranto. That is where the Adriatic Sea comes from, logically. Even Adrian’s family was named after the region of Adria, today city of Atri, former Etruscan then Greek harbor of the same name.
The word Dinar is Latin and Greek origins. Dates back to the time of the Roman Empire - from the 3rd century BC! Romans minted silver coin denarius (ten), so named for being contained ten ases. Denarius later spread to other countries, in France has become a denier, in Italy denaro. In Slavic countries, it was money in the general sense. At the first time denarion or denarius in Greece, as well as in Arabic countries, later became dinar.
Today we may find dinar, or denar, in Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Yemen, Algeria, Libya, Bahrain, Kuwait, Tunisia, Macedonia and Serbia.
Moreover, there are many Dinara families in Croatia. Rarely, you may still find the woman's name Dinara.
It is me in the picture. Three years ago I got a small flag as a gift from my friend Una from South Africa. I thought I will use it as a perfect colorful bandana on my hiking trips. I have climbed Dinara peak the same year. When Una saw the pic she said that she will dedicate it to Mandela who was at the hospital then. Well, that’s something, at least, I said. Later, I was thinking of that and I have realized that all in all is not about countries, they are not important, but about and between the people.
Here is piva, a beer, in the snowy sinkhole under the top of the mountain in July, reeeally coool!
Tip: You can hike Dinara in one day but it is more interesting and relaxing to take 2-days trip and stay overnight in the old shepherd's stone house, hikers’ shelter now.
And, don’t try to do that in flip flops ;)